What is Equality Impact Assessment (EIA)?

Equality Impact Assessment is a consistent, detailed approach to looking at the impacts an organisation’s activities have on different groups of people (particularly people who share protected characteristics, although other groups can also be included). Organisations develop their own format for carrying it out and their own guidance for staff who work on it. This is important, because the process has to be a good fit for the organisation and the way it works. Some guidelines on how to carry out Equality Impact Assessment are provided in the Mainstreaming Equalities Organisational Development Programme’s Ten Steps to Equality Impact Assessment.

If carried out effectively, Equality Impact Assessment should:

  • Identify and remove barriers to accessing services or employment opportunities
  • Identify and remove practices which might put the organisation at risk of legal action under the Equality Act 2010
  • Identify and implement opportunities to promote equality and human rights
  • Identify and implement improvements to services and employment opportunities

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