Equality of Opportunity:
A belief that individuals should have an equal chance of getting opportunities to reach their goals and improve their lives. Opportunities should be available through open and fair competition with no unfair discrimination. Sometimes this approach is criticised because it doesn’t try to remove the barriers which prevent some people from effectively competing in open and fair competition. This creates a situation where some people have more of an equal opportunity than others.
Equality of outcome:
A belief that society should make sure that people genuinely have access to equal outcomes. People are not just offered an opportunity, but enabled to take advantage of that opportunity. This is often used to explain approaches to equality which take account of individual needs and remove barriers to participation. This helps to create more equal outcomes for all individuals.